- Choose the pilot district
Criteria: predominance of houses with open area, with flower and vegetable gardens. Presence of a local school. Existence of a neighbors' association and / or other forms of community organization. Presence of Urban Cleaning Services, to support the practitioners. Occurrence of vacant lots, municipal, state or federal or even private property, which can be used by agreement etc.
- Contacting the local leaders and groups
Identify potential leaders and local partner groups linked to schools, neighborhood associations and commercial, churches, clubs etc. existing in the pilot area.
Hold a meeting with them to exchange ideas on the importance of managing organic residues and how to implement the project, and identify potential influencers and viable areas for community composting minicenters, forms of dissemination in the community etc ..
- Dissemination in the community
To use the local and regional vehicles, newspapers, radio and perhaps flyers and miniposters etc. is needed to identify residents interested in producing their own compost and to gather volunteers who can support the municipality in to spread the practice. The schools in the pilot area are a priority focus, in order to promote the project among the students, teachers, staff and their families.
- Training and capacity building
Perform one or more workshops focused on the city officials more related to solid waste management (environment, urban sanitation, mainly), on the residents who want to adopt the practice, on teachers, educators and volunteers interested in promoting it.
- The local government and other support sources
Empower the most the trainee that the Department of Environment of Delfim Moreira will indicate to support the project. Search interfaces with other local government agencies that are related to waste management, utilities, parks and gardens, works, education, etc., to integrate actions to optimize the design.
Find possible funding sources, such as federal and international programs related to sustainability, and Brazilian agencies and international NGOs, foundations, companies etc.
Develop a routine of "official support" for practitioners, involving at least one municipal servant from the Urban Cleaning, who will guide residents, help them solving some simple problems, and getting dry materials (leaves, grass clips, straw etc.) to cover the food waste etc. This employee will be guided and monitored by the Environment Department of Delfim Moreira.
- Information and communication
To gain consistency, replicability and scientific interest, it is essential to gather data on the progress of the project from the baseline - registering the volume of organic and total waste collected in the pilot neighborhood and its reduction as the project progresses.
The use of maps of the neighborhood (from Google Earth, etc.) and geographic information systems (GIS) can facilitate the visualization of the project and its impacts, and contribute to the training of volunteers and students in these community management technologies.
The communication of the project and its development is critical to increasingly involve the community, attract new volunteers and promote the replication of initiatives in other municipalities.
The internet and social groups will be our priority media, for all the advantages they offer.
The collaboration of volunteers and young people (Brazilians and foreigners) will also be important in the technical aspect of this activity.
In addition to the involvement of teachers and students - perhaps the most important segment of the community for our project - other volunteers will emerge as we invite them using the media available.
Community leaders, retirees, educators, entrepreneurs, researchers, etc. will have several opportunities to contribute to the project's success.
Through the Brazil-Netherlands Urban Agriculture Alliance we will be exchanging ideas with experts and students from the most advanced country in the implementation of urban agriculture programs in the world.
- Reduction of compostable waste dumped into landfills
Some basic considerations for implementing decentralized composting projects.
- Sustainability and scale
The actions proposed above may increasingly promote composting in urban, periurban and rural areas, but some public policies are equally important for the practice gaining scale and producing a noticeable impact on the local economy and environment.
Although the implementation of these policies may take a little longer, they are indispensable in the long run.
Below, three examples whose effectiveness the international experience confirms:
(1) create a protocol that allows the use (temporary, if any) of public land (municipal, state or federal) and private available in the city and periphery for mini community composting minicenters and other organic farming and environmental education activities;
(2) include composting and food production activities as a legitimate urban land use the planning of its use, to ensure the sustainability and food security in times of crisis, climate change etc. The introduction of these activities in public squares and parks has several advantages, providing the people opportunities of leisure and social relations associated with environmental preservation; and
(3) reduce urban land tax for residents who properly separate their residues and compost the organic - or send it to a community composting minicenter.